Thursday, June 8, 2023
 News Details
Our Literacy Crisis


I would like to express my deep concern regarding literacy crisis in India through the medium of your esteemed daily newspaper and some corrective steps in this direction.India is the second most populous country in the world out of where million of children are out of school.The literacy rate of India at the time of independence was 17%. This is the second-worst figure in the region, after the war-torn country Afghanistan. The literacy rate in India varies from State to State vis-à-vis the rural-urban divide. On one hand, the literacy rate of Kerala is approximately 93.9 percent and on the other Bihar is facing a drought in education with a literacy rate of 62.5 percent only. Keeping in view articles 45and 21of the Indian constitution, all children (age between 6-to 14) ought to receive education as compulsory with the latter article reinforcing the former one. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsary Education Act or Act in Right to Education Act is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4August 2009 which descibes the modalities of importance of compulsary and free education for the children between the age group of 6-14 years in Indis under the Article 21A of the constitution The crisis in the education sector of the country prevails in the same fashion as it was before. The development of a nation primarily varies directly with two points i.e. literacy rate and quality education. Therefore, giving priority to a few points, at least, had better minimize the illiteracy rate and ensure the provision of quality education. Hence, it is critical to focus on the latent issues to encounter them before it is too late. This would also help India get into the list of developed countries.The initial move should be a zero-tolerance policy on child labor. It seems trivial at first glance but in actuality, this is the real player that boosts the illiteracy figures in the country. The higher the child labor is in a region the greater is the illiteracy rate there. For instance, the literacy rate in Kerala is 93.9 percent and it is 63.5 percent only in Bihar one of the State of India. Likewise, In Bihar many young teenagers are seen doing laborious work that not only deteriorates their health but equally kills their time contributing to estimating a dark future By
implementation of the various educational policy ,Govt shall ensure and should also improve the literacy rate not only as compared to past figures of the years past, but it will elevate the country’s position amongst neighboring and regional nations in terms of the literacy rate.Next, the government should immediately focus on the primary level of education i.e. Grade 1 to 5. According to my 25years of service in teaching there are numerous students in the fifth-grade in India do not possess the potential to read English sentences and many more percent of the students cannot read a story in our national language Hindi or Urdu as our UT language .To teach primary classes in India , one only needs to have an education of matric level and few month training. On the contrary, Ph.D. scholars and experienced teachers teach to young kids in developed countries for they are good interpreters of the kids’ psychology and they also know better how to build a formidable educational foundation: strong basics is the preliminary requirement for higher studies which lead the researchers to innovations and novel ideas. But higher-level demands concrete foundations which cannot be built by instructors with ten-year education.In addition to the elimination of child labor and focus on primary education, in particular, a uniform syllabus has to be formulated on which the incumbent government is working and it is good news for all of us. Moreover, the pestilence has exposed something positive for education which is easy access to education virtually.With this exposition of online education in our country due to the pandemic, the government should provide sustainable and free quality education to economically struggling candidates of the country. But to convert vision into reality, providing better internet connections throughout the country must be the first step towards distant digital learning.The literacy rate of India was only 17% at the time of independence and it is 77.70% today where male literacy rate at the India level in 2021 stands at 84.70% and female literacy stands at 70.30%. India has improved in terms of literacy rate since 1947 but still much is there to be done.Last but not least,I think that the need of the hour is to direct our headlights to this burning issue should we want to prosper as a developed nation. Nevertheless, we are late in this race with emergency lights turned on, but we can avert this crisis by sticking to the adage ‘do-or-die’.
Yours etc. ..
Mool Raj
R /O Village Bhagota
Distt and Teh Doda ...
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